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Steel Industry Glossary


R Enamel
An unpigmented enamel used to increase resistance to corrosion, or decrease bleaching effect of tinplate on food can interiors.

Red Rust
A reddish brittle coating of iron oxide which develops on an uncoated or coated steel surface when oxygen in the atmosphere mixes with iron.

Reel Breaks
Fractured base metal normally caused by poor leveling. It is indicated by light kinks across the width of the winding coil.

Reflowed Surface

A shiny tin plate product surface which is achieved by heating the tin coating up to its melting point (thereby melting the tin) and cooling it back to room temperature.

A coating defect consisting of a flow mark defect with an appearance similar to corduroy fabric. Ribbing usually occurs when the flow marks (ribs), from application on the coater, do not flow out and level the surface of the coating.

A hump across the width of the surface of the coil.

Rockwell (Hardness Tester)

A device used to determine the hardness of the steel strip. "Rockwell" machines are used to measure hardness of all WSC’s products.

Rockwell Hardness

Measure of resistance to penetration when material is exposed to a pointed load. The hardness numbers obtained by a Rockwell machine are related to the depth of the impression measured after the load is applied.

Roll Force Cylinder
See A.G.C. Cylinder.

Roll Scale
Oxide of iron which forms on the surface of steel while it is being heated and rolled. Much of the scale is cracked and loosened during the rolling operation and may fall off the piece naturally or be blown off by high-pressure water sprays or other means.

Roll Forming
1. An operation used in forming sheet. Strips of sheet are passed between rolls of definite settings that bend the sheet progressively into structural members of various contours, sometimes called "molded sections." 2. A process of coiling sheet into open cylinders.

Roller Level

A staggered system of rolls used to flatten the steel without any appreciable reduction in gauge.

Rolling Mill
1. Any of the mills in which metal undergoes a rolling process. These include the slabbing mill, hot roll mills, cold roll mills, SR mills, and DR mills. 2. Any operating unit that reduces gauge by application of loads through revolving cylindrical rolls; operation can be hot or cold. Weirton Steel’s room temperature rolling mills include Tandem Mills (Cold Mills) which are capable of reducing the gauge of 90%, Weirlite Mills (20-45%) and the Temper Mill (1%). The elevated temperature rolling mill is the Hot Mill and is capable of reducing the gauge of a slab 92-99%.

Roughing Stand

The first rolling stand through which metal passes during hot rolling. Once reduced by the roughing stands, the metal continues on to the finishing stands where smoother rolls with a smaller gap are used to complete the hot roll process.


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